IdentificationDistributionAngling Identification Photo by Roger Bloom. Photo by Dave Lass. Only trout in California with both red and black spots on body. Dark spots on the sides typically surrounded by a pale halo. Coloration is usually dark to olive brown on the back, shading to yellow on the sides, and yellow or white on the belly. Large mouth with maxillary extending past the eye in larger fish. Distribution Upper Owens River. Photo by Roger Bloom. Hot Creek. Native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. Brought to California in 1893. Introduced widely across the state; now present in a high percentage of suitable waters in the interior of the state, especially on both sides of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Water temperature is an important factor limiting brown trout distribution (preferred temperatures are 12-20ºC). Angling Information Truckee River. Photo by Jeremy Frost. South Fork San Joaquin River. Brown trout fisheries are widespread and highly variable across the state. Many small, higher-elevation streams offer fast action (>2 fish/hr) brown trout or mixed species fisheries. Larger rivers or reservoirs with naturally spawning populations in tributary streams can offer trophy (>18”) brown trout fisheries. Brown trout are known to be wary and targeting larger fish is widely considered a challenging, yet rewarding fishing opportunity. Due to the wide variety of habitats in which brown trout are found, specific recommendations on fishing techniques and terminal tackle are difficult to provide. Check with local fishing shops in the area you intend to fish to get tips on localized conditions and suggested tackle.